To read a binary file you have to know the structure of it. In my case I was trying to read binary file written by LabVIEWbased software which records measurement data. The file represent a onedimensional array of clusters, the cluster has two elements: TimeDate stamp and double precision number.
According to the following link http://www.ni.com/tutorial/7900/en/
LabVIEW 7.0 or earlier used a 64bit double (DBL) to represent time, yielding 15 digits of precision. The number of seconds between 1st Jan 1904 (the time stamp Epoch or year zero) to 1st Jan 2000 is 3027456000. Representing this as a DBL would use 10 out of the 15 digits of precision. That leaves a very small resolution space to perform hardware timings using most of the resolution by simply going from 1904 to today. Representing time as a DBL was not ideal since it did not meet industry requirements.
In MS office the date reference is year 1900, while LabVIEW date reference is year 1904. So, in calculations we will compensate this date reference difference. Number of days difference is 1462 days.
References:
http://www.binaryconvert.com/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doubleprecision_floatingpoint_format
Keywords:
VBA Binary file read
Read binary file written by LabVIEW
Parse (parsing) binary file
Read LabVIEW binary file using Excel VBA
Read data in binary file
Read IEEE754 Double precision 64bit number from binary file
LabVIEW DateTime stamp to binary
According to the following link http://www.ni.com/tutorial/7900/en/
LabVIEW 7.0 or earlier used a 64bit double (DBL) to represent time, yielding 15 digits of precision. The number of seconds between 1st Jan 1904 (the time stamp Epoch or year zero) to 1st Jan 2000 is 3027456000. Representing this as a DBL would use 10 out of the 15 digits of precision. That leaves a very small resolution space to perform hardware timings using most of the resolution by simply going from 1904 to today. Representing time as a DBL was not ideal since it did not meet industry requirements.
In MS office the date reference is year 1900, while LabVIEW date reference is year 1904. So, in calculations we will compensate this date reference difference. Number of days difference is 1462 days.
'
Function to convert binary to decimal
Function
BinaryToDecimal(ByVal Binary As String)
As Double
Dim
BinaryNum As Double
Dim
BitCount As Integer
For
BitCount = 1 To Len(Binary)
BinaryNum =
BinaryNum + (CDbl(Mid(Binary, Len(Binary)  BitCount + 1, 1)) * (2 ^
(BitCount  1)))
Next
BitCount
BinaryToDecimal
= BinaryNum
End
Function

'
Function to convert 64bit binary to doubleprecision float
Function
BinaryStringToDouble(ByVal BinaryString As
String) As Double
Dim
i, Sign, Exponent, BitCounter As Integer
Dim
Fraction, DoubleNo As Double
'Read
number sign
Sign = (1) ^
CLng(Mid(BinaryString, 1, 1)) 'Mostsignificant bit
'
Read exponent
Exponent =
BinaryToDecimal(Mid(BinaryString, 2, 11))
'
Read the fraction
Fraction = 0
BitCounter =
0
For
i = 13 To Len(BinaryString)
BitCounter =
BitCounter + 1
Fraction =
Fraction + (2 ^ (BitCounter)) * CDbl(Mid(BinaryString, i, 1))
Next
i
BinaryStringToDouble
= Sign * (1 + Fraction) * 2 ^ (Exponent  1023)
End
Function

'
Function to convert LabView datetimestamp to string date and time
Function
DoubleToDateTime(ByVal LVDateTimeStamp As
Double) As String ' input
LabVIEW DateTime stamp (64bit double precision number)
Dim
RefOffset As Double
Dim
MSDateTimeStamp As Double
Dim
MSDate As Double
Dim
DateString As String
Dim
DayElapsedTime_sec, Hours,
Minutes, Seconds As Double
RefOffset =
126316800 'Reference
offset in seconds 1462[days]*24[h/day]*60[Min/h]*60[sec/Min]
'Convert
it to Microsoft DateTime stamp: number of seconds from 1Jan1900
MSDateTimeStamp
= LVDateTimeStamp + RefOffset
MSDate =
Application.WorksheetFunction.Floor(MSDateTimeStamp / 86400, 1) ' number of
days from 1900
'
86400: number of seconds per day
DateString =
CStr(CDate(MSDate))
DayElapsedTime_sec
= MSDateTimeStamp  MSDate * 86400+7200
'Egypt time = UTC time + 2 hours (7200
sec)
Hours =
Application.WorksheetFunction.Floor(DayElapsedTime_sec / 3600, 1)
Minutes =
Application.WorksheetFunction.Floor((DayElapsedTime_sec  Hours* 3600) / 60,
1)
Seconds =
DayElapsedTime_sec  Hours * 3600  Minutes * 60
DoubleToDateTime
= DateString + " " + CStr(Hours) + ":" + CStr(Minutes) +
":" + CStr(Round(Seconds, 0))
End
Function

References:
http://www.binaryconvert.com/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doubleprecision_floatingpoint_format
Keywords:
VBA Binary file read
Read binary file written by LabVIEW
Parse (parsing) binary file
Read LabVIEW binary file using Excel VBA
Read data in binary file
Read IEEE754 Double precision 64bit number from binary file
LabVIEW DateTime stamp to binary